Solid unfinished floors are left for the installer to sand for a perfectly flat, smooth surface that allows stain and coating techniques to create beautiful custom floors. An even surface also ensures a more aesthetically pleasing look while producing an easy to clean floor.
Solid boards are carefully milled with tongue and groove from kiln dried lumber and finished on-site to achieve a custom look and/or match a specific décor. Thicker floors have a small amount of wood above the tongue and groove for sanding to even the floor; and, if properly cared for, a solid hardwood floor can be sanded and refinished many times and last for generations.
Engineered is composed of a top layer veneer from a specific species that is bonded to a plywood core, or base layer, also carefully milled with tongue and groove and left unfinished and without bevels to allow the floor to be sanded and finished on site for greater customization and flexibility.
Plainsawn is the standard and most simple method of sawing boards and provides the most yield from a log; and, sawing with the grain mostly parallel to the board face creates large, open and flat patterns in the flooring.
Rift and Quartered is a combination of Rift Sawn and Quarter Sawn lumber for a perpendicular orientation and reveal Medullary rays that create a variety of strikingly beautiful visual effects. Rift and Quartered flooring is also more dimensionally stable and resists moisture induced expansion and contraction.
Parquet is very popular due to its geometric patterns and mosaics composed of angular cuts such as squares, rectangles, and triangles for decorative effect.
Herringbone is the most popular of the parquet patterns.
Plank boards are 3¼” to 5″ wide, but can be wider.
Strip boards are usually 2¼” to 3¼” wide.
Multiple lengths are boards of various lengths packaged together for installation in random patterns.
Multiple widths are boards of various widths and placed in rows for repeating or random patterns.
Long length refers to flooring that contains boards longer than 7′ and/or has average lengths higher than 3′; the style you want determines the length you need.
Beveled we remove corner edges along the face of the board to soften the edge and help boards line up next to each other with even thickness for aesthetic appeal.
We sort and place all lumber into categories—called grades—to determine its use and price. Typical grades are #2 Common, #1 Common, Select and Better. Each grade allows for amounts of color variance, knots, mineral streaks, pinworm holes, milling defects, board lengths, tapers and more.
Although established standards exist for these grades, not all flooring mills adhere to them the same way and some mills have proprietary grades. The appearance of the wood determines its grade and each represents a different flooring look.
Clear Wood shows minimal character marks and provides a uniform appearance.
Select Wood reveals natural heartwood/sapwood color variations including knots, streaks, etc.
Common Wood (No. 1 and No. 2) has even more natural color variations and is selected often for the character they add to a room. No. 1 Common has a varied appearance, light and dark colors, knots, streaks and wormholes. No. 2 Common is rustic in appearance and emphasizes all wood characteristics of the species.
First Grade Wood has uniform appearance, natural color variations and limited character marks, similar to select grade.
Second Grade Wood has a varied appearance and features knots and some color variation, similar to No. 1 Common.
Third Grade Wood has the most rustic appearance showing all characteristics of the species, similar to No. 2 Common.